The Mismeasure of Man (Revised and Expanded)

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Author :
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 0393340406
Total Pages : 448 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (933 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Man (Revised and Expanded) by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Man (Revised and Expanded) written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2006-06-17 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve. When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. And yet the idea of innate limits—of biology as destiny—dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined by Stephen Jay Gould. In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."

Mismeasure of Man

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Author :
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 9780393314250
Total Pages : 458 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (142 download)

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Book Synopsis Mismeasure of Man by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book Mismeasure of Man written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 1996-02-06 with total page 458 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve, Further, he has added five essays, in a separate section at the end, on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the claim of this book to be, as Leo J.

The Mismeasure of Man

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Author :
Publisher : W. W. Norton
ISBN 13 : 9780393039726
Total Pages : 450 pages
Book Rating : 4.0/5 (397 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Man by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Man written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton. This book was released on 1996 with total page 450 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: And yet the idea of innate limits - of biology as destiny - dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined by Stephen Jay Gould. In this edition Dr.

The Mismeasure of Education

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Author :
Publisher : IAP
ISBN 13 : 1623963931
Total Pages : 287 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (239 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Education by : Jim Horn

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Education written by Jim Horn and published by IAP. This book was released on 2013-07-01 with total page 287 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With new student assessments and teacher evaluation schemes in the planning or early implementation phases, this book takes a step back to examine the ideological and historical grounding, potential benefits, scholarly evidence, and ethical basis for the new generation of test based accountability measures. After providing the political and cultural contexts for the rise of the testing accountability movement in the 1960s that culminated almost forty years later in No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, this book then moves on to provide a policy history and social policy analysis of value-added testing in Tennessee that is framed around questions of power relations, winners, and losers. In examining the issues and exercise of power that are sustained in the long-standing policy of standardized testing in schools, this work provides a big picture perspective on assessment practices over time in the U. S.; by examining the rise of value-added assessment in Tennessee, a fine-grained and contemporary case is provided within that larger context. The last half of the book provides a detailed survey of the research based critiques of value-added methodology, while detailing an aggressive marketing campaign to make value-added modeling (VAM) a central component of reform strategies following NCLB. The last chapter and epilogue place the continuation of test-based accountability practices within the context of an emerging pushback against privatization, high stakes testing, and other education reforms. This book will be useful to a wide audience, including teachers, parents, school leaders, policymakers, researchers, and students of educational history, policy, and politics.

Intelligence, Genes, and Success

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Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN 13 : 1461206693
Total Pages : 379 pages
Book Rating : 4.4/5 (612 download)

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Book Synopsis Intelligence, Genes, and Success by : Bernie Devlin

Download or read book Intelligence, Genes, and Success written by Bernie Devlin and published by Springer Science & Business Media. This book was released on 2013-12-01 with total page 379 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: A scientific response to the best-selling The Bell Curve which set off a hailstorm of controversy upon its publication in 1994. Much of the public reaction to the book was polemic and failed to analyse the details of the science and validity of the statistical arguments underlying the books conclusion. Here, at last, social scientists and statisticians reply to The Bell Curve and its conclusions about IQ, genetics and social outcomes.

Rocks of Ages

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Publisher : Ballantine Books
ISBN 13 : 0307801411
Total Pages : 258 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (78 download)

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Book Synopsis Rocks of Ages by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book Rocks of Ages written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by Ballantine Books. This book was released on 2011-07-20 with total page 258 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "People of good will wish to see science and religion at peace. . . . I do not see how science and religion could be unified, or even synthesized, under any common scheme of explanation or analysis; but I also do not understand why the two enterprises should experience any conflict." So states internationally renowned evolutionist and bestselling author Stephen Jay Gould in the simple yet profound thesis of his brilliant new book. Writing with bracing intelligence and elegant clarity, Gould sheds new light on a dilemma that has plagued thinking people since the Renaissance. Instead of choosing between science and religion, Gould asks, why not opt for a golden mean that accords dignity and distinction to each realm? At the heart of Gould's penetrating argument is a lucid, contemporary principle he calls NOMA (for nonoverlapping magisteria)--a "blessedly simple and entirely conventional resolution" that allows science and religion to coexist peacefully in a position of respectful noninterference. Science defines the natural world; religion, our moral world, in recognition of their separate spheres of influence. In elaborating and exploring this thought-provoking concept, Gould delves into the history of science, sketching affecting portraits of scientists and moral leaders wrestling with matters of faith and reason. Stories of seminal figures such as Galileo, Darwin, and Thomas Henry Huxley make vivid his argument that individuals and cultures must cultivate both a life of the spirit and a life of rational inquiry in order to experience the fullness of being human. In his bestselling books Wonderful Life, The Mismeasure of Man, and Questioning the Millennium, Gould has written on the abundance of marvels in human history and the natural world. In Rocks of Ages, Gould's passionate humanism, ethical discernment, and erudition are fused to create a dazzling gem of contemporary cultural philosophy. As the world's preeminent Darwinian theorist writes, "I believe, with all my heart, in a respectful, even loving concordat between . . . science and religion."

Crania Ægyptiaca

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Author :
Publisher : Good Press
ISBN 13 :
Total Pages : 97 pages
Book Rating : 4.4/5 (57 download)

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Book Synopsis Crania Ægyptiaca by : Samuel George Morton

Download or read book Crania Ægyptiaca written by Samuel George Morton and published by Good Press. This book was released on 2019-11-27 with total page 97 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This book is about observations on Egyptian ethnography, derived from anatomy, history and the monuments. The author Morton, who is also an American physician, believed in polygenism and that the skull capacity influenced the intellectual ability. In this work he focuses on the measurements and particularities of crania found in Egyptian tombs and compare them to other nationalities.

The Richness of Life

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 9780393064988
Total Pages : 684 pages
Book Rating : 4.0/5 (649 download)

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Book Synopsis The Richness of Life by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Richness of Life written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2007 with total page 684 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This spotlight on an extraordinary mind collects the most entertaining and enlightening writings by the beloved paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and celebrant of the wonder of life. 20 illustrations.

Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 0393340414
Total Pages : 287 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (933 download)

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Book Synopsis Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 1992-07-17 with total page 287 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: More than any other modern scientists, Stephen Jay Gould has opened up to millions the wonders of evolutionary biology. His genius as an essayist lies in his unmatched ability to use his knowledge of the world, including popular culture, to illuminate the realm of science. Ever Since Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould's first book, has sold more than a quarter of a million copies. Like all succeeding collections by this unique writer, it brings the art of the scientific essay to unparalleled heights.

Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 0393245209
Total Pages : 350 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (932 download)

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Book Synopsis Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 1990-09-17 with total page 350 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "[An] extraordinary book. . . . Mr. Gould is an exceptional combination of scientist and science writer. . . . He is thus exceptionally well placed to tell these stories, and he tells them with fervor and intelligence."—James Gleick, New York Times Book Review High in the Canadian Rockies is a small limestone quarry formed 530 million years ago called the Burgess Shale. It hold the remains of an ancient sea where dozens of strange creatures lived—a forgotten corner of evolution preserved in awesome detail. In this book Stephen Jay Gould explores what the Burgess Shale tells us about evolution and the nature of history.

Punctuated Equilibrium

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
ISBN 13 : 0674037847
Total Pages : 408 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (74 download)

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Book Synopsis Punctuated Equilibrium by : Stephen Jay GOULD

Download or read book Punctuated Equilibrium written by Stephen Jay GOULD and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2009-06-30 with total page 408 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould took the scientific world by storm with his paper on punctuated equilibrium. Challenging a core assumption of Darwin's theory of evolution, it launched the controversial idea that the majority of species originates in geological moments (punctuations) and persists in stasis. Now, thirty-five years later, Punctuated Equilibrium offers his only book-length testament on a theory he fiercely promoted, repeatedly refined, and tirelessly defended.

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

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Author :
Publisher : Harvard University Press
ISBN 13 : 0674417925
Total Pages : 1460 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (744 download)

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Book Synopsis The Structure of Evolutionary Theory by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Structure of Evolutionary Theory written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2002-03-21 with total page 1460 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.

Shakespeare and the Mismeasure of Renaissance Man

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Publisher : Cornell University Press
ISBN 13 : 1501726854
Total Pages : 228 pages
Book Rating : 4.5/5 (17 download)

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Book Synopsis Shakespeare and the Mismeasure of Renaissance Man by : Paula Blank

Download or read book Shakespeare and the Mismeasure of Renaissance Man written by Paula Blank and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2018-07-05 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Shakespeare's poems and plays are rich in reference to "measure, number, and weight," which were the key terms of an early modern empirical and quantitative imagination. Shakespeare's investigation of Renaissance measures of reality centers on the consequences of applying principles of measurement to the appraisal of human value. This is especially true of efforts to judge people as better or worse than, or equal to, one another. With special attention to the Sonnets, Measure for Measure, Merchant of Venice, Othello, King Lear, and Hamlet, Paula Blank argues that Shakespeare, in his experiments with measurement, demonstrates the incommensurability of the aims and operations of quantification with human experience.From scales and spans to squares and levels to ratings and rules, Shakespeare's rhetoric of measurement reveals the extent to which language in the Renaissance was itself understood as a set of alternative measures for figuring human worth. In chapters that explore attempts to measure human feeling, weigh human equalities (and inequalities), regulate race relations, and deduce social and economic merit, Blank shows why Shakespeare's measures are so often exposed as "mismeasures"—equivocal, provisional, and as unreliable as the men and women they are designed to assess.

Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
ISBN 13 : 9780674891999
Total Pages : 242 pages
Book Rating : 4.8/5 (919 download)

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Book Synopsis Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 1988 with total page 242 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Examines scientific theories pertaining to the measurement of earth's history.

The Book of Life

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 9780393321562
Total Pages : 268 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (215 download)

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Book Synopsis The Book of Life by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Book of Life written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2001 with total page 268 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "The Book of Life builds a bridge of knowledge, bringing the frontiers of science and what we know of life's history to all of us who wish to come closer to our beginnings and know more of who we are."--BOOK JACKET.

The Lying Stones of Marrakech

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Publisher : Harvard University Press
ISBN 13 : 0674061675
Total Pages : 382 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (74 download)

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Book Synopsis The Lying Stones of Marrakech by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Lying Stones of Marrakech written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by Harvard University Press. This book was released on 2011-10 with total page 382 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Gould covers topics as diverse as episodes in the birth of paleontology to lessons from Britain’s four greatest Victorian naturalists. This collection presents the richness and fascination of the various lives that have fueled the enterprise of science and opened our eyes to a world of unexpected wonders.

The Mismeasure of Progress

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Author :
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
ISBN 13 : 022673644X
Total Pages : 325 pages
Book Rating : 4.2/5 (267 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Progress by : Stephen J. Macekura

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Progress written by Stephen J. Macekura and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2020-11-04 with total page 325 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Few ideas in the past century have had wider financial, political, and governmental impact than that of economic growth. The common belief that endless economic growth, as measured by Gross Domestic Product, is not only possible but actually essential for the flourishing of civilization remains a powerful policy goal and aspiration for many. In The Mismeasure of Progress, Stephen J. Macekura exposes a historical road not taken, illuminating the stories of the activists, intellectuals, and other leaders who long argued that GDP growth was not all it was cracked up to be. Beginning with the rise of the growth paradigm in the 1940s and 1950s and continuing through the present day, The Mismeasure of Progress is the first book on the myriad thinkers who argued against growth and the conventional way progress had been measured and defined. For growth critics, questioning the meaning and measurement of growth was a necessary first step to creating a more just, equal, and sustainable world. These critics argued that focusing on growth alone would not resolve social, political, and environmental problems, and they put forth alternate methods for defining and measuring human progress. ?In today’s global political scene—marked by vast inequalities of power and wealth and made even more fraught by a global climate emergency—the ideas presented by these earlier critics of growth resonate more loudly than ever. Economic growth appealed to many political leaders because it allowed them to avoid addressing political trade-offs and class conflict. It sustained the fiction that humans are somehow separate from nonhuman “nature,” ignoring the intimate and dense connections between the two. In order to create a truly just and equitable society, Macekura argues, we need a clear understanding of our collective needs beyond growth and more holistic definitions of progress that transcend economic metrics like GDP.