The Mismeasure of Man (Revised and Expanded)

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Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN 13 : 0393340406
Total Pages : 448 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (933 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Man (Revised and Expanded) by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Man (Revised and Expanded) written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton & Company. This book was released on 2006-06-17 with total page 448 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The definitive refutation to the argument of The Bell Curve. When published in 1981, The Mismeasure of Man was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits. And yet the idea of innate limits—of biology as destiny—dies hard, as witness the attention devoted to The Bell Curve, whose arguments are here so effectively anticipated and thoroughly undermined by Stephen Jay Gould. In this edition Dr. Gould has written a substantial new introduction telling how and why he wrote the book and tracing the subsequent history of the controversy on innateness right through The Bell Curve. Further, he has added five essays on questions of The Bell Curve in particular and on race, racism, and biological determinism in general. These additions strengthen the book's claim to be, as Leo J. Kamin of Princeton University has said, "a major contribution toward deflating pseudo-biological 'explanations' of our present social woes."

Why Gould Was Wrong

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Publisher : iUniverse
ISBN 13 : 0595301568
Total Pages : 723 pages
Book Rating : 4.5/5 (953 download)

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Book Synopsis Why Gould Was Wrong by : Nils K. Oeijord

Download or read book Why Gould Was Wrong written by Nils K. Oeijord and published by iUniverse. This book was released on 2003 with total page 723 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was a leading critic of human behavioral genetics, human sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, and the modern evolutionary synthesis. Why Gould Was Wrong explains why Gould's claims were horribly wrong.

The Mismeasure of Man

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Publisher : W. W. Norton
ISBN 13 : 9780393310672
Total Pages : 352 pages
Book Rating : 4.3/5 (16 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Man by : Stephen Jay Gould

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Man written by Stephen Jay Gould and published by W. W. Norton. This book was released on 1993 with total page 352 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: When published in 1981, was immediately hailed as a masterwork, the ringing answer to those who would classify people, rank them according to their supposed genetic gifts and limits.

Shakespeare and the Mismeasure of Renaissance Man

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Publisher : Cornell University Press
ISBN 13 : 1501726854
Total Pages : 228 pages
Book Rating : 4.5/5 (17 download)

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Book Synopsis Shakespeare and the Mismeasure of Renaissance Man by : Paula Blank

Download or read book Shakespeare and the Mismeasure of Renaissance Man written by Paula Blank and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2018-07-05 with total page 228 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Shakespeare's poems and plays are rich in reference to "measure, number, and weight," which were the key terms of an early modern empirical and quantitative imagination. Shakespeare's investigation of Renaissance measures of reality centers on the consequences of applying principles of measurement to the appraisal of human value. This is especially true of efforts to judge people as better or worse than, or equal to, one another. With special attention to the Sonnets, Measure for Measure, Merchant of Venice, Othello, King Lear, and Hamlet, Paula Blank argues that Shakespeare, in his experiments with measurement, demonstrates the incommensurability of the aims and operations of quantification with human experience.From scales and spans to squares and levels to ratings and rules, Shakespeare's rhetoric of measurement reveals the extent to which language in the Renaissance was itself understood as a set of alternative measures for figuring human worth. In chapters that explore attempts to measure human feeling, weigh human equalities (and inequalities), regulate race relations, and deduce social and economic merit, Blank shows why Shakespeare's measures are so often exposed as "mismeasures"—equivocal, provisional, and as unreliable as the men and women they are designed to assess.

Brain Science under the Swastika

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN 13 : 0191044369
Total Pages : 785 pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (91 download)

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Book Synopsis Brain Science under the Swastika by : Lawrence A. Zeidman

Download or read book Brain Science under the Swastika written by Lawrence A. Zeidman and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2020-05-25 with total page 785 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Eighty years ago the largest genocide ever occurred in Nazi Europe. This began with the mass extermination of patients with neurologic and psychiatric disorders that Hitler's regime considered "useless eaters". The neuropsychiatric profession was systematically "cleansed" beginning in 1933, but racism and eugenics had infiltrated the specialty long before that. With the installation of Nazi-principled neuroscientists, mass forced sterilization was enacted, which transitioned to patient murder by the start of World War II. But the murder of roughly 275,000 patients was not enough. The patients' brains were stored and used in scientific publications both during and long after the war. Also, patients themselves were used for unethical experiments. Relatively few neuroscientists resisted the Nazis, with some success in the occupied countries. Most neuroscientists involved in unethical actions continued their careers unscathed after the war. Few answered for their actions, and few repented. The legacy of such a depraved era in the history of neuroscience and medical ethics is that codes now exist to protect patients and research subjects. But this protection is possibly subject to political extremes and individual neuroscientists can only protect patients and colleagues if they understand the dangers of a utilitarian, unethical, and uncompassionate mindset. Brain Science under the Swastika is the only comprehensive and scholarly published work regarding the ethical and professional abuses of neuroscientists during the Nazi era. The author has crafted a scathing tour de force exploring the extremes of ethical abuse, but also ways that this can be resisted and hopefully prevented by future generations of neuroscientists and physicians

"We Hold These Truths to be Self-evident-- "

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Author :
Publisher : University Press of America
ISBN 13 : 0761843299
Total Pages : 529 pages
Book Rating : 4.7/5 (618 download)

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Book Synopsis "We Hold These Truths to be Self-evident-- " by : Kenneth N. Addison

Download or read book "We Hold These Truths to be Self-evident-- " written by Kenneth N. Addison and published by University Press of America. This book was released on 2009 with total page 529 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: "We hold these truths to be self evident..." An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the Roots of Racism and Slavery in America delves into the philosophical, historical, socio/cultural and political evolution of racism and slavery in America. The premise of this work is that racism and slavery in America are the result of an unintentional historical intertwining of various Western philosophical, religious, cultural, social, economic, and political strands of thought that date back to the Classical Era. These strands have become tangled in a Gordian knot, which can only be unraveled through the bold application of a variety of multidisciplinary tools. By doing so, this book is intended help the reader understand how the United States, a nation that claims "all men are created equal," could be responsible for slavery and the intractable threads of racism and inequality that have become woven into its cultural the fabric.

Introduction to Criminology

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Publisher : SAGE Publications
ISBN 13 : 1506347576
Total Pages : 1301 pages
Book Rating : 4.5/5 (63 download)

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Book Synopsis Introduction to Criminology by : Pamela J. Schram

Download or read book Introduction to Criminology written by Pamela J. Schram and published by SAGE Publications. This book was released on 2017-02-13 with total page 1301 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Introduction to Criminology, Why Do They Do It?, Second Edition, by Pamela J. Schram Stephen G. Tibbetts, offers a contemporary and integrated discussion of the key theories that help us understand crime in the 21st century. With a focus on why offenders commit crimes, this bestseller skillfully engages students with real-world cases and examples to help students explore the fundamentals of criminology. To better align with how instructors actually teach this course, coverage of violent and property crimes has been integrated into the theory chapters, so students can clearly understand the application of theory to criminal behavior. Unlike other introductory criminology textbooks, the Second Edition discusses issues of diversity in each chapter and covers many contemporary topics that are not well represented in other texts, such as feminist criminology, cybercrime, hate crimes, white-collar crime, homeland security, and identity theft. Transnational comparisons regarding crime rates and the methods other countries use to deal with crime make this edition the most universal to date and a perfect companion for those wanting to learn about criminology in context.

Morphing Intelligence

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Publisher : Columbia University Press
ISBN 13 : 0231547234
Total Pages : 135 pages
Book Rating : 4.2/5 (315 download)

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Book Synopsis Morphing Intelligence by : Catherine Malabou

Download or read book Morphing Intelligence written by Catherine Malabou and published by Columbia University Press. This book was released on 2019-02-12 with total page 135 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: What is intelligence? The concept crosses and blurs the boundaries between natural and artificial, bridging the human brain and the cybernetic world of AI. In this book, the acclaimed philosopher Catherine Malabou ventures a new approach that emphasizes the intertwined, networked relationships among the biological, the technological, and the symbolic. Malabou traces the modern metamorphoses of intelligence, seeking to understand how neurobiological and neurotechnological advances have transformed our view. She considers three crucial developments: the notion of intelligence as an empirical, genetically based quality measurable by standardized tests; the shift to the epigenetic paradigm, with its emphasis on neural plasticity; and the dawn of artificial intelligence, with its potential to simulate, replicate, and ultimately surpass the workings of the brain. Malabou concludes that a dialogue between human and cybernetic intelligence offers the best if not the only means to build a democratic future. A strikingly original exploration of our changing notions of intelligence and the human and their far-reaching philosophical and political implications, Morphing Intelligence is an essential analysis of the porous border between symbolic and biological life at a time when once-clear distinctions between mind and machine have become uncertain.

An American Health Dilemma

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Publisher : Routledge
ISBN 13 : 1135960488
Total Pages : 708 pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (359 download)

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Book Synopsis An American Health Dilemma by : W. Michael Byrd

Download or read book An American Health Dilemma written by W. Michael Byrd and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2012-10-02 with total page 708 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At times mirroring and at times shockingly disparate to the rise of traditional white American medicine, the history of African-American health care is a story of traditional healers; root doctors; granny midwives; underappreciated and overworked African-American physicians; scrupulous and unscrupulous white doctors and scientists; governmental support and neglect; epidemics; and poverty. Virtually every part of this story revolves around race. More than 50 years after the publication of An American Dilemma, Gunnar Myrdal's 1944 classic about race relations in the USA, An American Health Dilemma presents a comprehensive and groundbreaking history and social analysis of race, race relations and the African-American medical and public health experience. Beginning with the origins of western medicine and science in Egypt, Greece and Rome the authors explore the relationship between race, medicine, and health care from the precursors of American science and medicine through the days of the slave trade with the harrowing middle passage and equally deadly breaking-in period through the Civil War and the gains of reconstruction and the reversals caused by Jim Crow laws. It offers an extensive examination of the history of intellectual and scientific racism that evolved to give sanction to the mistreatment, medical abuse, and neglect of African Americans and other non-white people. Also included are biographical portraits of black medical pioneers like James McCune Smith, the first African American to earn a degree from a European university, and anecdotal vignettes,like the tragic story of "the Hottentot Venus", which illustrate larger themes. An American Health Dilemma promises to become an irreplaceable and essential look at African-American and medical history and will provide an invaluable baseline for future exploration of race and racism in the American health system.

The Mismeasure of Minds

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Publisher : UNC Press Books
ISBN 13 : 146964360X
Total Pages : 232 pages
Book Rating : 4.4/5 (696 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Minds by : Michael E. Staub

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Minds written by Michael E. Staub and published by UNC Press Books. This book was released on 2018-09-25 with total page 232 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision required desegregation of America's schools, but it also set in motion an agonizing multidecade debate over race, class, and IQ. In this innovative book, Michael E. Staub investigates neuropsychological studies published between Brown and the controversial 1994 book The Bell Curve. In doing so, he illuminates how we came to view race and intelligence today. In tracing how research and experiments around such concepts as learned helplessness, deferred gratification, hyperactivity, and emotional intelligence migrated into popular culture and government policy, Staub reveals long-standing and widespread dissatisfaction—not least among middle-class whites—with the metric of IQ. He also documents the devastating consequences—above all for disadvantaged children of color—as efforts to undo discrimination and create enriched learning environments were recurrently repudiated and defunded. By connecting psychology, race, and public policy in a single narrative, Staub charts the paradoxes that have emerged and that continue to structure investigations of racism even into the era of contemporary neuroscientific research.

An American Health Dilemma: Race, medicine, and health care in the United States 1900-2000

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Publisher : Psychology Press
ISBN 13 : 9780415927376
Total Pages : 900 pages
Book Rating : 4.9/5 (273 download)

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Book Synopsis An American Health Dilemma: Race, medicine, and health care in the United States 1900-2000 by : W. Michael Byrd

Download or read book An American Health Dilemma: Race, medicine, and health care in the United States 1900-2000 written by W. Michael Byrd and published by Psychology Press. This book was released on 2000 with total page 900 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.

Making the White Man's West

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Publisher : University Press of Colorado
ISBN 13 : 1607323966
Total Pages : 312 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (73 download)

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Book Synopsis Making the White Man's West by : Jason E. Pierce

Download or read book Making the White Man's West written by Jason E. Pierce and published by University Press of Colorado. This book was released on 2016-01-15 with total page 312 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The West, especially the Intermountain states, ranks among the whitest places in America, but this fact obscures the more complicated history of racial diversity in the region. In Making the White Man’s West, author Jason E. Pierce argues that since the time of the Louisiana Purchase, the American West has been a racially contested space. Using a nuanced theory of historical “whiteness,” he examines why and how Anglo-Americans dominated the region for a 120-year period. In the early nineteenth century, critics like Zebulon Pike and Washington Irving viewed the West as a “dumping ground” for free blacks and Native Americans, a place where they could be segregated from the white communities east of the Mississippi River. But as immigrant populations and industrialization took hold in the East, white Americans began to view the West as a “refuge for real whites.” The West had the most diverse population in the nation with substantial numbers of American Indians, Hispanics, and Asians, but Anglo-Americans could control these mostly disenfranchised peoples and enjoy the privileges of power while celebrating their presence as providing a unique regional character. From this came the belief in a White Man’s West, a place ideally suited for “real” Americans in the face of changing world. The first comprehensive study to examine the construction of white racial identity in the West, Making the White Man’s West shows how these two visions of the West—as a racially diverse holding cell and a white refuge—shaped the history of the region and influenced a variety of contemporary social issues in the West today.

An Illusion of Equity

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Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
ISBN 13 : 0813197678
Total Pages : 271 pages
Book Rating : 4.8/5 (131 download)

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Book Synopsis An Illusion of Equity by : Wendy Zagray Warren

Download or read book An Illusion of Equity written by Wendy Zagray Warren and published by University Press of Kentucky. This book was released on 2023-08 with total page 271 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Public education plays a crucial role in crafting a nation's future. In the United States, education reform policy, particularly the reliance on large-scale, standardized testing, is a growing topic of national conversation and concern. An Illusion of Equity: The Legacy of Eugenics in Today's Education demonstrates how centuries of propaganda have led us to accept the idea that test scores indicate something so valuable about human beings that they should be used to organize society. Drawing on decades of experience as an educator, author Wendy Zagray Warren unpacks the origins of this practice, inviting us to probe the ideologies underlying testing procedures and score interpretation and to evaluate the rationale for using test scores as the sole markers for academic achievement. From the beginning, large-scale tests have produced scores divided by race and class. Initially, these results aligned with the eugenic ideology of its creators. Warren shows that while the rhetoric used to justify test-based policy has changed, the model used to produce test scores remains much the same. Therefore, so do the outcomes of test-based policies, which continue to reproduce and reinforce the existing social hierarchy of the United States. The hope of equity lies in educators charting new paths and scholars around the world who are dreaming new educational paradigms into being. Ultimately, Warren invites policymakers, educators, and parents to explore the richness of possibility when education is designed around the belief that every child is worthy of the opportunity to thrive.

Imperial Leather

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Publisher : Routledge
ISBN 13 : 1135209103
Total Pages : 544 pages
Book Rating : 4.1/5 (352 download)

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Book Synopsis Imperial Leather by : Anne Mcclintock

Download or read book Imperial Leather written by Anne Mcclintock and published by Routledge. This book was released on 2013-10-01 with total page 544 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Imperial Leather chronicles the dangerous liaisons between gender, race and class that shaped British imperialism and its bloody dismantling. Spanning the century between Victorian Britain and the current struggle for power in South Africa, the book takes up the complex relationships between race and sexuality, fetishism and money, gender and violence, domesticity and the imperial market, and the gendering of nationalism within the zones of imperial and anti-imperial power.

The Mismeasure of Education

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Publisher : IAP
ISBN 13 : 1623963931
Total Pages : 287 pages
Book Rating : 4.6/5 (239 download)

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Book Synopsis The Mismeasure of Education by : Jim Horn

Download or read book The Mismeasure of Education written by Jim Horn and published by IAP. This book was released on 2013-07-01 with total page 287 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: With new student assessments and teacher evaluation schemes in the planning or early implementation phases, this book takes a step back to examine the ideological and historical grounding, potential benefits, scholarly evidence, and ethical basis for the new generation of test based accountability measures. After providing the political and cultural contexts for the rise of the testing accountability movement in the 1960s that culminated almost forty years later in No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, this book then moves on to provide a policy history and social policy analysis of value-added testing in Tennessee that is framed around questions of power relations, winners, and losers. In examining the issues and exercise of power that are sustained in the long-standing policy of standardized testing in schools, this work provides a big picture perspective on assessment practices over time in the U. S.; by examining the rise of value-added assessment in Tennessee, a fine-grained and contemporary case is provided within that larger context. The last half of the book provides a detailed survey of the research based critiques of value-added methodology, while detailing an aggressive marketing campaign to make value-added modeling (VAM) a central component of reform strategies following NCLB. The last chapter and epilogue place the continuation of test-based accountability practices within the context of an emerging pushback against privatization, high stakes testing, and other education reforms. This book will be useful to a wide audience, including teachers, parents, school leaders, policymakers, researchers, and students of educational history, policy, and politics.

Aspects of Metamorphosis

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Publisher : Rodopi
ISBN 13 : 9789042012257
Total Pages : 184 pages
Book Rating : 4.0/5 (122 download)

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Book Synopsis Aspects of Metamorphosis by : David Barry Desmond Asker

Download or read book Aspects of Metamorphosis written by David Barry Desmond Asker and published by Rodopi. This book was released on 2001 with total page 184 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Aspects of Metamorphosis: Fictional Representations of the Becoming Human explores the various forms of metamorphosis found in literature - mostly modern fiction but informed by earlier examples - and the premises upon which the literature of transformation may be said to depend. Instances of metamorphosis are very widespread in modern literature but as yet there has been no attempt to describe this literary-anthropological phenomenon from a larger perspective. This study approaches such a task. The focus of Aspects of Metamorphosis is on human-animal fictional metamorphoses which embody the concept of becoming-human. Gilles Deleuze describes metamorphosis (especially in Kafka) as the becoming-animal. Across the wide range of examples of literary metamorphosis in different languages and cultures, I describe the becoming-animal as an aspect of the becoming human, a radical approach to mankind's perception of itself, and restoration to itself, through an animal other. Franz Kafka is in many ways an odd man out in the crowd of modern metamorphosists. Other authors across borders, political, geographical and linguistic, present a humanist and moralist perspective that does not represent a fundamental break with the norms and cultural traditions rooted in the past.

Man's Most Dangerous Myth

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Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN 13 : 9780803946484
Total Pages : 308 pages
Book Rating : 4.9/5 (464 download)

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Book Synopsis Man's Most Dangerous Myth by : Ashley Montagu

Download or read book Man's Most Dangerous Myth written by Ashley Montagu and published by Rowman & Littlefield. This book was released on 1997 with total page 308 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This new edition contains Montagu's most complete explication of his theory and a thorough updating of previous editions.